Welcome to The Genealogy of Mexico, we start out here with "The
Conquistadors"; a list of the individuals that served the King with Cortes.
Scholars estimate over 2,200 Conquistadors served under Cortes with one
quarter to one third dying in the conflict. It is estimated that over 90%
of Cortes' Conquistadors stayed in New Spain (Mexico). Many of these men
helped form the basis of Mexico's population today.
There were 102 passengers that came over on the Mayflower in 1620. It is
estimated that 25% of all americans are related to them. There were over
2000 of Cortes' conquistadors who started arriving in Mexico from 1519
to 1521. Many have been able to trace back to these individuals.
If we traced our ancestors 19 generations back to the time of Cortes,
and we had distinct family lines we would end up with roughly one half
million direct relations living at that time (our ancestors double every
generation we go back). Since many of our family lines have duplicate
branches in our family tree we end up with less than the half million
but still representing a great many family names. On these pages lie
some of our family names and ancestors.
On November 8th, 1519 the conquistadors reached the island city of
Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). The city was the largest most of them would have
ever seen. They describe entering the city as dream like. In their own
words "fortresses, splendid monuments ... royal dwelling places! Glorious
heights! How marvelous it was to gaze on them ... all stuccoed, carved
and crowned with different types of merlons, painted with animals,
covered with stone figures...! The palace in which the conquistadors
were lodged was described as "a wonder to behold. There were innumerable
rooms inside, antechambers, splendid halls, mattresses of large cloaks,
pillows of leather and tree fiber, good eiderdowns, and admirable white
fur robes, as well as well made wooden seats. The attendance too was
something which befitted a great prince or lord".
Later in 1520 war broke out in Cortes' absence and thus began the
conquest of the Mexica (term Aztec was not used at the time) of Mexico,
lasting until 1521. Historians estimate that only 60,000 Mexica defenders
of Tenochtitlan survived the conquest. This of an estimated 300,000.
We now start with:
Cortes, Hernando - born in Medellin. Returned to Spain but had children, a
daughter Leonor with the daughter of Montezuma (Tecuichpo "Isabel") and
a son Martin with the Mayan interpreter Marina. In his latter years in
the hope of recapturing some of his old glory, he and his son Martin
(he had two sons with this name) volunteered to go to war in Algiers. He
fell ill and never was able to return to Mexico alive. Hernando Cortes
requested in his will that his remains eventually be buried in Mexico.
Before he died he had the Pope remove the "natural" status of 3 of his
children (legitimizing them in the eyes of the church) including Martin
the son he had with Marina, said to be his favorite. His third letter to
King Charles V documents his re-taking of Tenochtitlan and is detailed
in the book "The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of
The Genealogy of Hernando Cortes - Conqueror of Mexico
Cortes' Family Tree
THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF HERNAN CORTES
Full document of Cortes' Will, along with facts surrounding his burial
and the mystery of where he was laid to rest.
Letters From Mexico by Hernando Cortes
The conquest in his own words. 563 pages.
The Genealogy of Moctezuma - Emperor of Mexico
Includes Emperors, Dukes and Counts of Moctezuma.
Also a link to his descendants in Spain.
List of Those Who Served with Cortes (A-E)
* Source of the above names: Duaine, Carl Laurence. "With All Arms A Study of a Kindred Group"
* Additional Source: Himmerich Y Valencia, Robert. "The Encomenderos of New Spain 1521-1555"
* Additional Source: Thomas, Hugh. "Who's Who of the Conquistadors"Biographies
Abarca, Pedro - From: Catalayud. 2 daughters. Son in law: Gonzalo de
Leon. A grandson was named Manuel Abarca.
Aguayo, Lorenzo - killed in battle with the Indians. Brothers,
Antonio and Diego came to New Spain (Mexico). Parents: Martin
de Aguayo and Catalina Ledesma.
Aguilar, Alonso - Brother of Garcia de Aguilar (below). Cousin of
Juan Jaramillo.Married a daughter of Leonel de Cervantes, Isabel
de Lara. He died in 1564.
Aguilar, Francisco de - Parents: Juan de Aguilar and Magdalena de
Manjarres. Received two land grants to support an inn on the road
between Veracruz and Mexico City. Had four children. At the age of
50 he gave up all his wealth and joined the Franciscan Order. At the
age of 80 he was persuaded by his fellow monks to document his
experiences in the conquest. This can be found in the book
"The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico".
He died at the age of 92.
Aguilar, Garcia de - Parents: Gonzalo Garcia and Constanza Gonzalez
Jaramillo. Settled in Puebla. Married a Spanish girl in 1531. Their
daughter Juana was born in 1535. Garcia died circa 1570.
Grandsons: don Juan Ramirez de Arellano and don Carlos de Arellano.
Aguilar, Hernando - survived the conquest. On Mx. records in 1558
when he states he is 67 years of age.
Aguilar, Jeronimo de - was shipwrecked off the coast of the Yucatan
in 1511. He lived amongst the Maya as a slave along with
Gonzalo Guerrero until Cortes paid a ransom in 1519.
He served as an interpreter along with Marina who knew the Mayan
as well as the Mexica (Aztec) language. Like some of the other
conquistadors, he had religious training but never took final vows.
He settled in Mexico City and had a natural daughter who married
Cristobal Doria (de Oria?) and a son with an Indian woman.
Grandson: Miguel Doria.
Granddaughter married Andres de Rosas descendant of another
Jeronimo de Aguilar: The Marooned Priest Who Speeded the Conquest
Aguilar, Juan de - Parents: Pedro de Solorzano and Mari Diaz de
Saldana. Settled in Colima. Married with seven children one of them
a daughter. Sons: Cristobal de Solorzano and Juan de Aguilar.
Son in laws: Juan de la Bayen and Pedro de Cevallos.
Grandson: Juan de Solorzano.
Aguilar, Pedro de - after the conquest settled in Santo Domingo
Aguilar de Campoo, Juan - had land in Colima then recorded in Merida
(Yucatan) in 1549
Aguilera, Garcia de - on Mexican records in 1559.
Aguilera, Juan de - died circa 1547 (about 26 years after the conquest).
Agundel, Diego de - father of the Cortes Conquistador, Pedro Martin.
Alaejos, Juan de - Settled in Guadalajara. Married a woman from
Spain and had 2 sons.
Alamilla, Francisco de - settled Santisteban del Puerto. Natural
death. On records of Mx. in 1533.
Alaminos, Antonio de - There were 2 with this name. Father and son.
Native of the Palos area of Spain. The elder had traveled with
Columbus on his fourth voyage and was pilot on Ponce de Leon
expedition to Florida and Panama and Cortes' conquest of Mexico.
Sent by Cortes to look for a site to establish a port colony. Both
survived the conquest and had land in New Spain.
Alanes, Melchor de - Parents: Pedro Alavez (Alanes) and Teresa Gomez
Marin. Settled in Antequera and married the daughter of fellow
conquistador Juan Rodriguez de Salas. They had 10 children.
Alanis, Jeron - From: Alanis, Sevilla Spain. A notary. Arrived in
Santo Domingo in 1514. He was a resident of Santiago Cuba in 1520
and went to Mexico with Narvaez the same
Albaida, Antonio de - From Albaida, Sevilla Spain. Came to Cuba in
1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.
Alburquerque, Domingo Garcia de - Known to be valiant in battle. A
grandson was Luis de la Torre. Great grandsons were don Cristobal
and don Juan de la Torre.
Alburquerque, Domingo de - From: Alburquerque, Badajoz Spain. Came
to the Indies in 1517 and Cuba in 1518. He joined Cortes in 1519.
Aldama, Juan - From: Carmona, Sevilla Spain. Came to Cuba in 1518
and joined Cortes in 1519.
Almesta, Alonso de - From: Sevilla. Came to Cuba in 1518 and joined
Cortes in 1519.
Almodovar, Antonio - settled in Mexico City. Son: Diego de Almodovar.
Grandsons: Antonio de Almodovar, Antonio de Vargas, Luis de Vargas.
Granddaughters Married: Alonso Rodriguez del Vado, Gaspar Garcia de
Castaneda and Martin Ceron.
Great Grandsons: Martin Ceron, Pablo de Vargas and Cosme de Vargas
Great Granddaughter Married: Juan de Cevallos
Almonte, Pedro de - From: Almonte in Huelva Spain. Arrived in Cuba
in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.
Alonso, Alvaro - From Palos, Huelva Spain. Arrived in Cuba in 1518
and joined Cortes in 1519.
Alonso, Hernando - Blacksmith and 60 at the time of the conquest.
Settled in Mexico City. His first wife was Beatriz de Ordaz sister
of fellow conquistador Diego de Ordaz. They had adult children
living elsewhere in Mexico. After his wife died he married Isabel de
Aguilar from which they had a daughter. Alonso was executed on Oct.
17th 1528 (at age 68) as a relapsed Jew.
Alonso, Martin - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Arrived in Cuba
in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.
Alonso de Portillo, Pedro - settled in Guatamala after the conquest.
Alvarado, ? - a Captain in Francisco de Garay's fleet. Not an
Alvarado, Garcia de - From: Badajoz Spain. A natural brother of
Pedro and the other Alvarado brothers listed below. Arrived in Cuba
in 1518 and joined Cortes in 1519.
Alvarado, Gomez de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de
Contreras. Brother to Pedro de Alvarado (fourth oldest of 5 brothers).
Died in Peru. Had at least one daughter Isabel de Alvarado who
married Hernando Flores a conquistador of Nueva Galicia. They in
turn had at least one son Luis Gomez de Alvarado a resident of
Alvarado, Gonzalo de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de
Contreras. Brother to Pedro de Alvarado (third oldest of 5 brothers).
Sent by Cortes to secure corn from the Mayans. Resulting in hand to
hand combat and the retreat of the Conquistadors. Settled in
Guatemala until 1541 (the year Pedro died). Married his niece
Bernadina, daughter of Jorge. Died in Oaxaca Mx.
Alvarado, Jorge de - Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and Leonor de
Contreras. Brother of Pedro de Alvarado (second oldest of 5 brothers).
His first marriage was to a Tlaxcalan noble women by which they
had three children. He then married Luisa Estrada sister of Beatriz
the wife of the Conquistador Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. They
had 3 children (one son Jorge and two daughters). A grandson was
also named Jorge. Settled in Mexico City but spent much of his time
in Guatamala managing the affairs of his brother Pedro the Govenor
of Guatamala. The Estrada sisters were granddaughters of King
Ferdinand II of Spain. Their father was a natural son of the King.
Grandsons: don Jorge de Alvarado (became govenor of Honduras and
had a namesake son). Also don Angel de Villafana. Granddaughter
married: Juan de Samano.
Alvarado, Juan de - Born in Badajoz. Related to the Alvarado brothers.
Died a bachelor circa 1550.
Alvarado, Pedro de - From Badajoz. Parents: Gomez de Alvarado and
Leonor de Contreras. Born in 1485 (oldest of the Alvarado brothers,
same age as Cortes). When Cortes ordered his men to retreat from
Mexico City at night on foot, it was Pedro who was the last to do so.
A Lieutenant of Cortes (captain in Cortes' army), he later conquered
Guatemala. Came from a honored family. His father, grandfather and
uncle were honored for their military accomplishments. Had 2
natural children. A daughter and a son Pedro with the daughter
of a Tlaxcalan Indian chief. Killed in Jalisco in a campaign against
the Indians near Guadalajara, of wounds from falling from his horse
in 1541. After he fell he was asked where it was that he suffered and
he replied "In my soul". His daughter Leonor married don Francisco de
la Cueva (a nobleman and a cousin of the Duke of Alburquerque). They
had four or five sons. Genealogical reference on Pedro de Alvarado and
His own account can be found in the book "The Conquistadors First-Person
Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico". This from letters he wrote Cortes
on the conquest of Guatamala.
Pedro received the Order of Santiago .
Alvarez, Alonso (2) - after the conquest Cortes led an expedition to
Honduras to bring his rebelling Capt. Olid to justice. At this time it
was believed Cortes was dead. Alonso Alvarez formed a group plotting
against Cortes' supporters. Cortes returned to find his cousin Rodrigo
Paz murdered by the group loyal to the Cuban Govenor Velazquez, which
Alonso Alvarez belonged. Alonso was on the record in Panuco, Mx in
Alvarez Rubazo, Juan - Portuguese. Natural death.
Alvarez, Pedro - From: Sevilla. Went to Santo Domingo in 1517, Cuba
in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. In 1537 with the death of
Pedro, the conquistador Martin Lopez became guardian of his son
Alvarez Chico, Garci - From: Villanueva del Fresno, Badajoz Spain.
Nephew of Rodrigo Alvarez Chico. Went with Cortes in the exploration
of Baja California.
Alvarez Chico, Juan - From: Oliva Badajoz Spain. Sent by Cortes to
establish a settlement in Colima. He was killed by the Indians of
Alvarez Chico, Rodrigo - Rodrigo Alvarez Chico captured by Narvaez
after being sent by Cortes to negotiate a peace. Narvaez with
an army outnumbering Cortes by 3 to 1, tried to arrest Cortes so he
could conquer Mexico himself. Cortes defeated Narvaez and allied his
Alvarez Santarem, Juan - Portuguese from Santarem.
Alvaro, ? - From: Palos, Huelva Spain. Came to Mexico in 1519 with
Cortes. Settled in Honduras and it was said he ended up having 30
Amaya, Antonio de - settled in Oaxaca and died a natural death.
Amaya, Pedro - From: Amaya, Burgos Spain. Came to Mexico with Cortes.
Aparicio, Francisco - From: Pelayos, Toledo Spain. Came to the Indies
in 1514. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.
Father: Garcia Aparicio.
Aponte, Esteban de - From: Portugal. In Cuba in 1519 and went to
Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes in Mexico.
Participated in the conquest of Guatamala in 1524 and settled in
Aracena, Juan de - from Aracena, Huelva Spain. Parents: Hernando Dominguez
de los Molinos and Catalina Gutierrez. Survived the conquest.
Aragon, Pedro de - Married in Oaxaca to a Spanish woman. On Mx.
records in 1561 at age 60.
Arbenga, ? - From: Levante. Artillery specialist. Cuba in 1518, and
with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.
Arbolanche, ? - From: Old Castile. Arrived in Cuba in 1518 and joined
Cortes in 1519. Was killed by the Indians.
Arevalo, Alonso (2) - Parents: Pedro de Arevalo and Marina Temeno. Also
part of the conquest of Jalisco, Panuco and Zacatula. Settled in
Colima. He and his wife Beatriz Lopez had two sons and a daughter.
Another came from Segovia. Parents: Alonso de Arevalo and Maria de
Segovia. Had encomiendas after the conquest.
Arevalo, Melchor - From: Arevalo, Avila.
Parents: Gonzalo de Toledo and Maria de Arevalo. Married and settled
Arguello, Juan de - From: Leon. Came to Cuba in 1518 or 19 and came
to Mexico in 1519 or 1520.
Arriaga, Antonio de - Settled in Ciudad Michoacan. Married Ana
Quintero and they had 4 daughters. One daughter married Juan Antonio
Arriaga, Juan de - Parents: Diego de Arriaga and Maria de Licano.
Settled in Puebla with a Spanish wife and four children (two sons).
Grandsons: Captain Pedro Muniz de Arriaga, Juan Brambila, Captain
Jaime Herades, Francisco Brambila, Antonio Herades, Agustin Brambila,
Tomas Herades and Bernardino Brambila
Arroyuelo, ? - From: Olmedo, Valladolid Spain. Cuba in 1518, and
with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Died in battle (year unknown).
Asencio, Pedro - Daughters married Juan Lopez de Saltor and Juan
Becerra. On Mx. records 1554. Probably settled in Oaxaca.
Astorga, Bartolome - From: Astorga. Settled in Oaxaca his wife was
believed to be Indian because when he died circa 1540 his properties
reverted to the crown. Two daughters are listed. One married the
conquistador Antonio de Villarroel and the other married
Rodrigo de Vigil, all residents of Oaxaca.
Asturiano, Francisco de - From: Asturias. Cuba in 1518, and with
Cortes to Mexico in 1519.
Avila y Benevides, Alonso - From: Monte Alban (Avila). Captured by
the French pirate Fleury on his way to Spain with some of the riches
of Mexico and correspondence from Cortes. After being released from
a French prison, he settled in the Yucatan. Had eleven children. One
daughter Antonia married Gonzalo de Salazar and another married
Cristobal de Paredes of Puebla. A son Antonio married dona Isabel de
Son: Geronimo de Avila
Grandsons: Hernando de Salazar, Juan Alonso de Avila, Francisco de Avila
and don Diego de Zayas.
Great Grandsons: don Alonso de Avila Margarino and don Juan Margarino.
Avila (Quinones), Gaspar de - From: Villanueva de Avila. Parents: Pedro
Valderibano de Avila and Isabel de Quinones. Brother of Juan (below).
Married with 11 children. Married the daughter of Fernando Sanchez de
Ortigosa. Settled in Tasco. Died a natural death in 1547.
Avila, Gonzalo de - aquired a encomienda in Panuco after the conquest.
Settled in Santisteban Del Puerto.
Avila, Juan de - From: Avila. Parents: Pedro Martin Cansino and
Avila (Quinones), Juan de - His wife was the daughter of the conquistador
Juan de Cuellar. A son Juan de Cuellar Verdugo inherited his land
holdings along with his wife Maria de Garao whos son Pablo Vargas inherited
their land in 1597. Grandson: Pablo de Vargas. Granddaughter married:
Avila, Luis de - Parents: Gonzalo de Trujillo and Beatriz Sanchez.
Settled in Ciudad Michoacan. Married with 7 children. Sons: Luis and
Miguel de Avila. Son in Laws: Gaspar Negrete and Francisco de
Barajas. Came to Mx. at the age of 13. He was a Page, to Cortes.
Avila, Rodrigo de - From: Avila. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico
with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico. On Mx. records
in 1528 (7 yrs. after the conquest).
Aviles, Lope de - From: Salvatierra Salamanca. In Cuba in 1519 and
went to Mexico with Narvaez before joining
Cortes while in Mexico.
Ayllon, Juan de - on the march to Tenochtitlan his horse was taken
away from him. He was killed by Indians on the way.
Aznar, Antonio - Parents: Beltran de Aznar and Marina Diaz Ortega,
natives of Baeza. Settled in Puebla with a wife and 5 children.
Sons: don Geronimo de Aznar and Juan de Biedma Aznar
Azpeitia, Juanes - From: Azpeitia (Guipuzcoa). Parents: Juan de
Barrasueta and Marina de Ricarte. Died in 1553 without a legal heir.
Baez, Jorge - one of the original settlers of Puebla.
Ballestero, Francisco de - From: Tudela de Duero, Valladolid. Came
to the Indies in 1515. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with
Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Ballesteros, Rodrigo - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to
Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes
while in Mexico.
Balvas, Pedro de - From: Albacete Spain. Married in Spain. Arrived in
Cuba in 1517. To Mexico with Grijalva in 1518 and to Mexico with
Cortes in 1519. On the records of Mexico until 1547.
Badajoz, Gutierre de - From: Caceres Along with the hero of
Popocatepetl, Francisco de Montano fought
their way up a temple to place the flag of Cortes at its peak claiming
Mexico City. Parents: Gutierre de Badajoz and Catalina Chaves.
Brother to the Conquistador Hernando de Chaves. Settled in Mexico
City and considered a miner. Received a coat of arms dated Nov. 15,
1527. Had 3 sons and 3 daughters. Son Gabriel de Chaves inherited
his holdings in 1565. Grandsons: Gutierre de Chaves, Melchor de
Betanzos, Juan and Garcia Cabezas. Granddaughters married: don
Miguel de Soto and Simon de Trejo.
Barahona, Sancho de - settled in Guatamala.
Barba, Pedro - Good friend of Cortes, he came to Mexico in a small
vessel with thirteen men. When he joined Cortes he was made Captain
of the crossbowman. Killed taking part in a naval blockade of
Tenochtitlan. A son Francisco de Leon and son in law
Francisco de Montalvo are documented.
Barcelona, Clemente de - on Mexican records 7 years after the conquest.
Barco, Francisco de - From: Barco de Avila. A Captain in Cortes' army.
Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Was in Guatamala in
Bargas, Francisco de - From: Sevilla. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes
to Mexico in 1519. Participated in the conquest of Panuco and Colima.
Settled in Mexico City.
Barrera, Cristobal - Trumpeter. Listed as conqueror on some documents.
Believed to have settled in Puebla. His oldest daughter married
Esteban de Carvajal another daughter married Juan Ponce and all were
residents of Puebla.
Barrios, Don Andres de - He was a knight of the Duke of Arcos. Came
to Mexico with his brother in law Cortes (wives were sisters). He
settled in Mexico City. His daughter was Isabel de Barrios (married
to Diego de Guevara).
Batista de Rapalo, Juan - From: Berazy, Genoa. Parents: Bartolommeo
Grifo and Ana Blanca. Settled in Colima with a wife and 6 children
Bejerano, Servan - From: Cordoba. Parents: Anton de Puelles
and Catalina Sanchez Bejerano. He married twice and had two children
(a son and a daughter).
Bello, Juan - Parents: Juan Bello Troche and Leonor Gutierrez de
Caceras. Settled in Mexico City. Grandson: Gil Gonzalez Davila.
Granddaughters married: Nicolas de Rendano and Juan de Penas.
Great grandsons: Juan Bello de Alvarado, Aparicio de Penas and Jose
de Alvarado. Great granddaughter married: Juan de Tejadillo.
Benavides, Alonso - Captured by the French pirate Fleury on his way
to Spain with some of the riches of Mexico and correspondence from
Cortes. Upon his release he settled in Veracruz. He married Maria de
la Torre who after his death married Andres Dorantes de Carranza.
He had a daughter Antonia de Benavides who married Antonio Ruiz de
Benavides, Nuno (or Ruflo) de - settled in Antequera. Had a son Juan de
Benavides and a grandson Garcia de Benavides. Was awarded a
Coat of Arms on the 25th of april 1532.
Bergueno (Burgueno), Hernando - on Mexican records 12 years after the
Bermudez, Diego - brother: Juan discover of Bermuda. With Ponce de Leon
in Florida in 1512.
Bernal, Francisco - Probably settled in Puebla.
Bernal, Juan - Settled in Puebla. Married: Catalina de la Torre. Had
Berrio, Francisco - on Mexican records 10 years after the conquest.
Bonal, Francisco - From: Salamanca. Sent by Cortes disguised as
an Indian into Narvaez's Camp. First settled in Veracruz then Puebla.
Bonilla (Bonella), Joan Carlos de - on Mexican records 42 years after
Bono de Quejo, Juan - Born in San Sebastian but later a resident of
Palos. Had been a Captain of a ship with Ponce de Leon in his discovery
of Florida in 1512. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Returned to Cuba.
Son: Domingo de Quejo recorded in Mexico about 1550.
Bono Vizcaiano, Juan - From: Vizcaya (Basque Country). Probably related
to the above named Juan Bono. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with
Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Borgona, Esteban de - From: France. Came to Mexico with Narvaez.
Settled in Mexico City. Only Conquistador from France.
Borjes, Pedro de - Portuguese. Daughter married: Alonso de Almiron.
Daughter: Catalina de Caceres. Son: Francisco Borges. Many other
Bosque, Gabriel - Parents: Juan Bosque and Catalina Bama. Settled in
Oaxaca. He married Ana Benitez, the daughter of the Conquistador
Santos Hernandez. Only son Juan.
Botello, Blas - an astrologer, he warned the Conquistadors that they
must leave Tenochtitlan by June 30th or none of them would survive.
He died June 30th in the battle known as "Notche Triste" "Sad Night".
A battle which found the Conquistadors trapped in Tenochtitlan trying
to escape at night in the rain. Over 600 Conquistadors were killed in
battle or sacrificed to the Mexica Gods.
Bravo, Anton - Parents: Anton Garcia Payo and Ana Garcia Bravo. A
swordsmith by trade. Settled in Mexico City. Bravo married Catalina
Lopez de Polanco the widow of Juan de Galvez. He had a son Antonio
Bravo de la Laguna who for a time supported his mother and two sisters
after his fathers death. Son in Laws: Juan Cerfate and Baltasar de
Trujillo. Grandsons: Anton Bravo and Diego Ortiz de Hinojosa.
Granddaughter Married: Alonso Romero.
Briones, Francisco - From: Briones. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico
with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Briones, Gonzalo - From: Briones, Logrono Spain. Cuba in 1518, and
with Cortes to Mexico in 1519.
Briones, Pedro - From: Salamanca. Served in the war in Italy. Captain
of the boats surrounding Tenochtitlan (Mexico City)
during the conquest. Went with Olid to Honduras and Guatamala when
Olid revolted against Cortes.
Briviesca, Garcia de - From: Briviesca. Friend of the Gov. of Cuba
Diego Velasquez. Came to Mexico with Narvaez. Owned
a Hacienda in Cuba in 1524.
Burgueno, Fernando - From: Toledo. Settled in Mexico City.
He died in the 1530's. Survived by his widow Inez Gomez and son Pedro
and a daughter who married Juan de Cuenca of Bujalance, Cordoba. He
received a coat of arms in 1531.
Burguillos, Gaspar de - From: Badajoz. A page of Cortes. Cuba in 1518,
and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. He was rich at one time but died
Bustamante, Luis de - From: Palencia. Cuba in 1518, and with Cortes
to Mexico in 1519.
Caballero, Alonso - returned to Spain after the conquest.
Caballos (Cabello), Alonso - Wife; Maria de Leiva. 2 daughters 1 son.
Caballos, Hernando - on Mexican records 8 years after the conquest.
Cabezon, Cristobal - From: Almagro. Parents Settled in Mexico
City with a wife and sons by the names of Gregorio (Geronimo) and Pedro
de Soto. Son in law: don Rodrigo de Rivera. Grandsons: Luis and Melchor
Cabra, Juan - Parents: Anton de Cabra and Teresa Ruiz. Involved in
mining gold. Settled in Mexico City with his wife Maria de Herrera.
Their daughter married Nicolas Chamorro of Medina de Rio Seco.
Caceras, Manuel de - From: Segovia. Parents: Gonzalo de Caceres
and Maria de Ona. Settled in Colima as one of the first settlers.
Married Isabel de Monjarez, a daughter of the conquistador Martin Ruiz
de Monjarez. Their son was Gonzalo de Caceres. They had another son
and Isabel was pregnant when her husband died.
Caceras Delgado, Juan - There were 2 with this name. One was called
"El Viejo". From: Caceras. Married Catalina Gonzalez and settled in
Mexico City Another was called "El Rico". From: Caceras. Cuba in 1518,
and with Cortes to Mexico in 1519. Settled in Mexico after returning
temporarily from Spain 1522 to 1534.
Caicedo (Cayzedo), Anton - Married Maria Montes de Oca and Daughter
married Antonio de Luna.
Calahorra, Martin de - From: Calahorra (Logrono). Parents: Martin
Sanchez de Cunada and Isabel Vera Matute. Settled in Puebla with his
wife (born in Spain) the daughter of the conquistador Garci Hernandez.
Her brothers were the conquistadors Juan Perez de Herrera
and Pedro Hernandez and a sister married the conquistador
Diego de Holguin residents of Puebla. Martin had 5 daughters
and two sons.
Calero, Diego - From: Moguer. Parents: Pedro Calero and Isabel Rodriguez.
Settled in Michoacan.
Calvo, Pedro - From: Palencia. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with
Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Camacho Triana, Diego - From: Triana. Ships Pilot or Navigator. Came
to the Yucatan with Fernandez de Cordova in 1517, Grijalva in 1518 and
Cortes in 1519.
Cano, Alonso - From: Alanis (Seville). Parents: Alonso Martin Cano and
Beatriz Sanchez. Settled in Villa Alta. Married Antonia Perez Carballa.
Cano, Juan - From: Caceres Parents: Pedro Cano and Catalina Gomez
de Saavedra. Married the daughter of Montezuma, the third and last
Conquistador to do so. They had six children, of which two became nuns.
Son: Gonzalo Cano Moctezuma married dona Ana de Prado. Their Son and
Juan Cano's Grandson: don Juan Cano Moctezuma. Many descendants
carried the surname Cano Moctezuma.
Cansino (Cansono), Diego - killed by Indians on his way back to Oaxaca
from Peru. He was with his 2 sons.
Cansino, Juan - A Hidalgo (minor member of nobility). Came to Mexico
Cansino, Pedro - From: Palos, Huelva. Came to Mexico with Cortes in
Cantillana, Fernando - came to Mexico with his Father: Hernando
Cantillana (see below). Died in the conquest.
Cantillana, Francisco - Uncle of Fernando (above) and Brother of
Hernando (below). Died in the conquest.
Cantillana, Hernando - Shoemaker From: Grand Canary Island. Both his
brothers and Son died in the battle known as "Noche Triste". Settled
Mexico City and was joined by his wife and son Diego from Spain.
Diego went to Spain after his father died circa 1530. He returned
with his wife and four daughters. Grandsons: Diego Burgos, Antonio
and Pedro de Salmanca. Granddaughters married Cristobal Osorio and
Cardenal, Alonso - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez
before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Cardenas, Alonso - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez
before joining Cortes while in Mexico. Settled in Mexico City.
Cardenas, Juan - Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Carmona, Juan de - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Came to Mexico
with Cortes in 1519 with his brother Esteban Carmona. Settled in
Carranza, Dorantes de - Survived the conquest and settled in Mx.
Grandson Baltasar Dorantes de Carranza.
Carmona, Esteban de - From: Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz. Came to Mexico
with Cortes in 1519.
Caro Gutierrez, Garci - survived the conquest and participated in Cortes'
expedition to Honduras.
Carrasco, Gonzalo - Parents: Diego de Caso and Costanza Diaz "la Carrasca".
A sentry for Narvaez (a rival Conquistador with ambitions on Conquering
Mexico himself). Cortes himself practically half strangled Gonzalo trying
to get information. Navarez' army was defeated and his men
joined Cortes. Daughter.
Settled in Puebla and gave witness in Mx. when he was over 90 years old.
Carrascosa, Juan - From: Carrascosa. One of the first settlers of Panuco.
Carrillo, Jorge - settled in Texcoco, then Colima Mx.
Carrion, Hipolito - From: Carrion, Palencia. In Cuba in 1519 and went
to Mexico with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Carrion, Rodrigo - From: Carrion, Palencia. Came to Mexico with Cortes
in 1519. Documented in Mexico in 1529.
Carvajal, Antonio de - Parents: Pedro Gonzales de Carvajal and Isabel
Delgadillo. A Captain in Cortes' army. Settled in Mexico City. Married
dona Catalina de Tapia and a second marriage to dona Maria de Olid y
Viedma both nieces of the conquistador
Bernardino Vasquez de Tapia. Both unions
produced 8 daughters and 1 son. Son in law: Francisco Infante
Grandsons: don Antonio de Carvajal, don Andres de Carvajal, don Lorenzo
de Carvajal don Juan Infante and don Antonio Infante
A daughter he had with Catalina de Tapia, by the name of Catalina de
Tapia Carvajal married Gonzalo Gomez de Cervantes. Gonzalo Gomez de
Cervantes was the second son of Juan de Cervantes Casaus and Luisa de
Lara y Andrada. They were residents of Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico.
Carvajal, Hernando de - Brother: fellow Cortes Conquistador Juan Limpias
de Carvajal. Hernando was killed in Mx.
Casanuevo, Francisco - From: Chillon, Ciudad Real. Came to Mexico with
Narvaez in 1520.
Casillas, Juan de - killed in the conquest.
Castaneda, Rodrigo de - Parents: Juan de Castaneda and Leonor Diaz de
Zaballos. Subjugated the area south west of Cuernavaca in 1522. Later
accused Cortes of wanting to preserve idols and temples on his
properties in defiance of the Franciscans to destroy them. Married and
had 6 sons and 2 daughters. There was record of a mestizo grandson
by the name of Zicotencatl Castaneda. Grandsons: don Alonso de Carvajal,
Agustin and Alonso de Castaneda. Granddaughter married: Juan de Avendano
Castano, Juan - Portuguese, loyal to Cortes after the conquest, he was mistreated
by Nuno de Guzman an enemy of Cortes.
Castellar, Pedro de - Wife: daughter of Pedro de Leon of Sevilla. On
Mexican records 10 years after the conquest.
Castillo, Alonso del - Parents: Dr. Alonso del Castillo and dona Aldonza
Maldonado. Settled Mexico City. Died before 1547.
Castillo, Pedro del - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez
before joining Cortes while in Mexico. On Mexican records in 1529.
Catalan, Alonso de - From: Catalanes. Came to Mexico with Cortes in
1519. Described as a "Good Soldier". He died in the conquest.
Catalan, Juan de - From: Catalonia. An artilleryman specialist in the
weaponry of the day (ie. lombards and breech-loading cannons).
Unofficial healer he would go around putting his hands over the wounded
and pray. The Indian allies also placed their faith in him. Settled
in Mexico City. Married Ana de Segura. Had a daughter Juana de Acevedo
who married Martin de Bandevena of Brussels. Grandson: Martin de Azebo.
Celi, Bartolome - settled in Mx.
Cerezo, Gonzalo - From: Cordoba. Parents: Hernando Cerezo and Catalina
de Torres of Murcia. After the conquest areas were placed under the
protection of the Conquistadors. Cerezo was given the first area the
city of Cholula in April of 1522. Had no children. His household
included his widowed sister her children and grandchildren. Gonzalo
grew to prominence in New Spain.
Cermino, Diego - Cortes had Diego Cermino hanged for conspiring to
intercept a ship with some of Mexico's riches and claim them for a
rival conquistador, Velazquez.
Cermino, Juan - From: Palos (Huelva). Father: Rodrigo de Costa.
Married the daughter of the deceased conquistador Juan Ruiz.
Settled in Mexico City. Juan Cermino was the brother of Diego Cermino
(above named conquistador).
Cervantes, Lionel de - Born in Burguillos del Cerro. Member of a noble
Lionel escorted Montezuma out to address his people who were in revolt
against the Conquistadors. Montezuma was then stoned by his subjects.
He died later of these wounds. Just after the conquest Cortes allowed
Cervantes to return home to Spain upon which Cervantes promised he
would return to Mexico with his five daughters and marry them to
Conquistadors. He kept his promise. He settled in Mexico City and also
had a son and another daughter born in New Spain (Mexico). His wife
was the former Leonor de Andrada. Died Sept. 20, 1561. Buried in the
Monastery of San Francisco, Mexico City. A descendant was govenor of
Oaxaca in 1981.
One daughter married the Conquistador Pedro de Iricio.
Another married the Conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra .
Another married the Conquistador Alonso Mendoza.
Another married the Conquistador Alonso Villanueva Tordesillas.
Another married the Conquistador Juan Orozco de Villasenor.
Grandsons: Leonel de Cervantes, Alonso Gomez de Cervantes and Lucas
Great Grandsons: don Juan de Cervantes, don Francisco de Cervantes,
don Juan de Cervantes Casaus and don Geronimo de Cervantes.
Lionel claimed to have been honored in wars in Italy as a comendador of
the Order of Santiago .
Chavarrin(ia), Bartolome - From: Chiavari, Genoa. Parents: Estanani
Delpin and Bartaloma de Negro. Settled in Colima with his wife and 7
children (4 sons).
Chaves, Hernando de - Brother to the Conquistador Captain Gutierre de
Badajoz. Daughters dona Isabel de Chaves married the Conquistador Diego
de Soria and dona Maria de Chaves married the maestre de Roa.
Chiclana, Anton de - From: Chiclana, Cadiz. Came to Mexico with Cortes.
Cieza, Juan de - From: Torre Mormojon. Came to Mexico with Cortes in
1519. Killed by the Indians (when is not known).
Cifontes, Francisco - Settled in Colima. A daughter married Juan
Jimenez of Baena also residents of Colima. Also served with Nuno de
Cimancas, Pedro - From: Simancas, Valladolid. Came to Mexico with
Narvaez in 1520. Settled in Colima.
Cisneros, Alberto de - Wife: Catalina Rodriguez Son: Antonio de Cisneros.
Cisneros, Juan de - Settled in Mexico City. Married Maria de Medina
and had 4 sons and 2 daughters. Killed in the Mixtec war of 1542.
Sons: Mateo Vazquez de Cisneros and Esteban de Cisneros. Grandsons:
Antonio, Juan and Nicolas de Nava, Pablo and Juan de Cisneros, Mateo
Vazquez, Juan and Baltasar de la Serna. Granddaughters married: Julian
de Iebenes and Baltasar Hernandez.
Colio, Diego de - Parents: Pedro Diaz de Palmar and Juana Hernandez
de Cangas. Settled in Mexico City married a Spanish woman and had 2
daughters and 1 son. A granddaughter married the Conquistador Juan de
Collazos, Pedro de - From: Portugal and had Andres de Tapia bring his
son to Mx. in 1527.
Contreras, Alonso de - Parents: Garcia de Contreras and Maria de Lerma.
Served with Nuno de Guzman in Panuco. Settled in Mexico City
and was married to Isabel Mexia y Figueroa with 3 sons and 7 daughters.
Died in 1559. Sons: Garcia de Contreras, Baltasar de Contreras and
Alonso Contreras who married the granddaughter of both the Conquistadors
Lionel Cervantes and Francisco de Villegas. Grandsons: don Alonso de
Zuniga and Nicolas de Contreras (married Beatriz Corona de Anaia,
residents of Guadalajara). Granddaughter married: Francisco de Trejo
Corco, Bicencio - Settled in Panuco.
Cordero, Anton - on Mexican records in 1535.
Coria, Diego de - Parents: Alonso de Coria and Leonor Rodriguez. From:
Burgos. Notary by trade. Also conqueror of Jamaica, Guatamala and
Jalisco. Settled in Mexico City. Married the daughter of the conquistador
Hernando de Chaves. They had 5 children. He also recognized two natural
children. Later married Maria de Mendoza, the daughter of Jeronimo Lopez.
They had a son Diego.
Coronado, ? - killed during the conquest (1520).
Coronel, Juan - From: Seville. Parents: Diego Coronel and Elvira Bernal
de Ojeda. Settled in Mexico City with his wife. They had 6 children
(3 daughters). Son: Matias Coronel. Grandsons: Martin, Gaspar, Antonio
and Pedro Coronel. Granddaughter married: Pero Fernandez de Villanuno.
Given a coat of arms in 1538.
Corral, Juan - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before
joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Correas, Diego - From: Santarem, Portugal. Parents: Jimon Rodriguez
and Maria Correas. Settled in Zacatula. Married but had no children.
Cortes, Francisco - Cousin of Hernando. Was named lieutenant governor
and alcalde mayor of a region of Mexico in 1524. He continued the
conquest of western New Spain (Mexico).
Cristobal, Martin - From: Sevilla. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico
with Narvaez before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Cuellar, Bartolome - Married a woman from Cuba. Was a Horticulturist.
Daughter married: Juan de Escobedo. Settled in Oaxaca.
Cuellar, Juan de - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Settled in Mexico City.
Married Ana Ruiz de Berrio and had 9 children (5 daughters). Son: Juan
de Cuellar Sons: Andres and Martin.
Cuellar Verdugo, Juan de - From: Cuellar, Segovia. Parents: Cristobal
de Cuellar and Catalina Verdugo. After the conquest areas were placed
under the protection of the Conquistadors. Cuellar was given the area
the city of Chimalhuacan. Cuellar was a nephew of Francisco Verdugo.
Given a coat of arms in 1544 and Died in 1551. First married the
niece of Moctezuma.
Married Ana de Maya also from Cuellar. They had 2 children (1 son).
Son: Martin de Cuellar. Daughter married Juan de Avila.
Cuenca, Benito de - Parents: Pedro de Cuenca and Constanza Herrera.
Born circa 1495. Settled in Panuco and Married the Conquistadora Beatriz
Hernandez Gutierrez. They had 2 sons. Son: Pedro.
Cuenca, Simon de - From: Cuenca. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Regidor of Veracruz in 1524. Mayordomo of Cortes in Villarrica in 1524-
25. Killed in Xicalanco by the Indians.
Cuevas, Juan de - Settled in Michoacan where many descendants can be
found for generations.
Delgado, Alonso - Married a woman from Spain. Was a merchant in Toluca.
Known to be good with firearms. Had children.
Delgado, Juan - became a silversmith.
Diaz, Bartolome - Son in law: Diego de Arpitua and Daughter: Ana
Maldonado settled in Veracruz.
Diaz, Cristoval - From: Castellanos Nuevos. Came to the Indies in 1516,
to Cuba in 1518, and to Mexico in 1519 or 1520.
Diaz, Diego - Cortes had Diego Diaz hanged after a conspiracy to kill
Cortes was found out. Diego was to have transported the conspirators
Diaz, Domingo - From: Genoa. Arrived in Santo Domingo in 1502, conquest
of Cuba in 1511 and to Mexico with Narvaez in 1520. Settled
in Veracruz. Left Genoa at such a young age he could not remember his
parents names. On Mexican records 37 years after the conquest.
Diaz, Gaspar - Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519. Ended up rich but
gave it up for a hermit's life.
Diaz, Juan - Chaplain in Cortes' army. It was said that after their
first encounter with the Tlaxcalans who were said to be 40,000 strong,
Juan and Bartolome Olmedo spent the night listening to confessions
of conquistadors believing they were going to die. He came first to
Mexico with Captain Juan de Grijalva in 1518. Then with Cortes the
following year. He also participated in the conquest of Guatamala. His
account of his time with Grijalva can be found in the book
"The Conquistadors First-Person Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico".
Diaz de Aux, Miguel - a mestizo Conquistador who's father of the same
name had been a conqueror of Santo Domingo and Puerto Rico. Often
confused with his father.
Arrived in Mexico in 2 of his own ships as one of Garay's captains in
1520. Arrived with 150 footmen and 20 horsemen to reinforce Cortes.
Married in Spain to Isabel Carrion. Settled in Mexico City. They had
2 daughters. A natural son was Antonio de Contreras. A daughter dona
Luisa Aux married Rodrigo Maldonado.
Diaz de Azpeitia, Juan - settled in Panuco Mx.
Diaz del Castillo, Bernal - Born in 1495 in Medina del Campo, Spain.
Parents: Francisco Diaz del Castillo and Maria Diez Rejon. Came to
the New World in 1514. Went to Cuba in 1516 and Mexico in 1518 with
Grijalva. Landed at Vera Cruz with Cortes in 1519. Settled down for
awhile with an Indian girl who had been presented to him by Montezuma
and whom he called Dona Francisca. They had a son and a daughter. He
returned to Spain in 1539 and returned to Mexico in 1541. Died in
Guatemala in 1584 at 89. Daughter: Teresa Diaz de Padilla. Natural
son: Diego Diaz del Castillo who's daughter married Santos de Ocampo.
Grandson: don Bernardo de Estrada. Wrote the book "True History of
the Conquest". One English version being "The Discovery & Conquest
of Mexico" Diaz starts with "That which I have myself seen and
the fighting I have gone through, with the help of God I will
describe quite simply as a fair eyewitness without twisting events
one way or another. I am now an old man, over eighty four years of
age ... as luck would have it, I have gained nothing of value to
leave my children and descendants but this my true story and they
will presently find out what a wonderful story it is."
His book was published about 60 years after his death.
Dominguez, Pero - In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez before
joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Dorantes, Martin - An aide of Cortes.
Duero, Andres - Born in Tudela de Duero. Protested Cortes' orders to
turn over the gold from the battle known as Noche Triste. After the
conquest the average conquistador was left with about as much as a
weapon would cost.
Duran, Juan - Settled in Puebla with his wife and daughter. Wife:
Agueda de la Fresnada. Son in law: Diego de Cisneros.
Ebora, Sabastian de - From: Yelves, Portugal. One half Black African.
Parents He settled in Zacatula. He was married and
had 3 daughters and a son.
Ecija, Andres - Settled in Colima.
Escacena, Antonio - From: Escacena (del Campo) Huelva. Known as "the
angry". Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Escalante, Juan - From: Huelva. Came to the Indies with Columbus
(Colon) in 1493. Settled in Cuba in 1515 before joining Cortes'
entrada. Died in the conquest.
Escalona, Alejo - From: Escalona, Toledo. Had a encomienda in Santo
Domingo in 1514. In Cuba in 1519 and went to Mexico with Narvaez
before joining Cortes while in Mexico.
Escalona, Francisco - From: Escalona, Toledo. "El Mozo", Came to Mexico
with the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes. Brother:
Pedro Escalona (below)
Escalona, Juan - From: Escalona, Toledo. Captain, came to Mexico with
Cortes in 1519. Died in Mexico in 1521.
Escalona, Lucas - From: Escalona, Toledo. Came to Mexico with the
conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.
Escalona, Pedro - From: Escalona, Toledo. Came to Mexico with the
conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes. Brother: Francisco
Escobar, Juan - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Known as a "good soldier".
Escobar, Pedro de - Came to Mexico with the conquistador Narvaez,
then joined Cortes. He held the post of constable in Mexico City. He
was married to the Conquistadora Beatriz Palacios. Had 7 children.
Espindola, Gonzalo - From: Sevilla. He was a descendant of old Genoa
merchants living in Sevilla (Spinola Family). Came to Mexico with
the conquistador Narvaez, then joined Cortes.
Espindola, Juan de - From: Sevilla. He was a descendant of old Genoa
merchants living in Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Espinosa, Alonso - nickname "of the Blessing" as he was known for saying.
Married an Indian Noblewoman. Innkeeper in Tehuacan and involved in
Esquivel, Alonso - From: Sevilla. Came to Mexico with Cortes in 1519.
Estrada, Francisco - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada.
Came to Santo Domingo in 1502 with Diego Colon, son of Christopher
Columbus. Later went with Narvaez to Mexico with his sister (see below)
and joined Cortes in the conquest. Settled in Mexico City and married
twice having a son and daughter with each wife. Son: Andres de Estrada.
Grandson: Bernardino de Estrada. Granddaughter married Luis Osorio.
Great grandson: Bartolome de Estrada and Luis Osorio
Estrada, Maria - From: Seville. Father: Juan Sanchez de Estrada.
Sister of Francisco, she came to the New World 1519 where she joined
her brother in Cuba. One of 15 Conquistadoras to join in the conquest.
Married Captain Pedro Sanchez de Farfan and settled in
Toluca Mexico. It was said "She could hold her own with any man with weapons,
either on horseback or on foot".
Evia, Rodrigo de - settled in Colima.